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IS3 Ground Water in Delaware

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Ground Water in Delaware
Publication Type:
Information Series
Publication Date:
Dec 1986
Authors:
Woodruff, K.D.
Abstract:

Because of its "renewability" water is unique among earth resources that sustain and enhance life. No other mineral resource that we extract on a long-term and continuous basis can be counted on for at least some degree of replenishment within a human lifetime. This attribute allows a great deal of flexibility in management of the resource. In Delaware local rainfall, approximately 40" to 44" per year, renews part or all of our water supply on a regular basis. However, not all of the rain that falls is available for use. From this total rainfall must be subtracted the water that evaporates (about 20"/ year), the amount that is used by plants (about 3"/year), and the amount that runs overland to surface streams during storms (about 4"-5"/year). The remainder, approximately 13" to 15" is Delaware's bank of water for the year. This water is stored in a system of ground-water reservoirs, or aquifers, that underlie most of the State. Not only do these ground-water reservoirs provide water to wells but they also maintain the flow in surface streams during times of no rainfall. Streamflow between rainfall events is nothing more than the discharge of
excess ground water.

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Please give proper credit to the Delaware Geological Survey.

Woodruff, K.D., 1986, round Water in Delaware: Delaware Geological Survey Information Series 3

Contact Info

Delaware Geological Survey
Phone: (302)-831-2833
Fax: (302)-831-3579
delgeosurvey@udel.edu

University of Delaware
Delaware Geological Survey Building
Newark, DE 19716
Mon - Fri; 8:00am to 4:30pm