The Geology of Delaware

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Windy Hills Gneiss

Geologic Time Period: 
Piedmont Unit

The following description is published in GM10 Bedrock Geologic Map of The Piedmont of Delaware and the Adjacent Pennsylvania, Schenck, W.S., Plank, M.O., and Srogi, L., 2000.

Thinly interlayered, fine- to medium-grained hornblende-plagioclase amphibolite, biotite gneiss, and felsic gneiss, possibly metavolcanic. Felsic gneisses contain quartz and plagioclase with or without microcline with minor pyroxene and/or hornblende and/or biotite. Metamorphic grade in this unit decreases from granulite facies in the northeast to amphibolite facies toward the southwest. Correlated with the Big Elk Member of the James Run Formation in Cecil County, Maryland.